Hydroponics Online Store



Hydroponic Systems

Hydroponic Grow Lights & Bulbs

Hydroponic Tents & Grow Boxes

Hydroponic Ballasts

Grow Light Reflectors

Hydroponic Nutrients

Grow Media Rocks

Hydroponic Pumps

Hydroponic Pots

Hydroponic Books

Meters

Hydroponic Exhaust Fans

Hydroponic Seeds

Hydroponic Foggers

Home Store Blog Forums FAQs Lesson Plans Pictures


Search:



Coal & Iron Police badge - Pennsylvania Coal Co. Miners, Mining For Sale


Coal & Iron Police badge - Pennsylvania Coal Co. Miners, Mining



This item has been shown times.

Buy Now

Coal & Iron Police badge - Pennsylvania Coal Co. Miners, Mining:
$370

Coal & Iron Police badge from the Pennsylvania Coal Co.

The Pennsylvania Coal Co. operated numerous mines at Pittston, Inkerman, Avoca, Dunmore and Throop, Pennsylvania.

The Erie Railroad, which began as a wide gauge (six-foot) carrier, reached the Delaware River Valley heading westward, entering Port Jervis in late 1847. The Erie continued on past Mount Hope, Shohola, Lackawaxen, and Narrowsburg along the Delaware. It entered Pike County, Pennsyl vania, then came back to Sullivan County in New York. At Lackawaxen, a branch line was constructed to Hawley in 1863. It reached East Honesdale in 1867, giving the Erie entrance to the northern coal fields and taking business from the D&H Canal, especially in the winter months.

At Hawley, the Erie, acting as agent for the Pennsylvania Coal Company, built the line and then operated the first coal train in December 1863 to Lackawaxen and on to the mainline to tidewater. The coal came from Pennsylvania Coal Company mines near Pittston, PA. This partnership provided year-round trains to market not possible on the D&H canal.

In 1865, the Pennsylvania State Legislature passed State Act 228 which empowered the railroads to organize private police forces. In 1866, a supplement to the act was passed extending the privilege to "embrace all corporations, firms, or individuals, owning, leasing, or being in possession of any colliery, furnace, or rolling mill within this commonwealth." Local Coal & Iron Police commanders were usually a coal or iron company superintendent. or other official. While sanctioned by the State all costs were paid by the coal and iron companies that employed them. They were company supported and controlled private police forces established to do the offerding of the coal and iron companies. The enabling legislation granted the Coal & Iron Police broad police powers on mine and mill property and in company towns. The 1866 legislation stipulated that the words, "coal and iron police" appear on their badges. This private police system grew to the point that by 1900 there were more than 5000 Coal & Iron Police in Pennsylvania. They figured prominently in strike breaking and other anti-union activity. The powers of the Coal & Iron Police were not curtailed until April of 1929 when Governor John S. Fisher, by executive order, ordered that industrial police wear uniforms, that their jurisdiction be limited to the actual protection of company property and that they be prohibited from "undue violence in making arrests, unnecessary display or use of weapons, and profanity". On June 30, 1931, Governor Pinchot revoked all coal and iron police commissions. They were later known as Industrial Police.

Badge measures approx. 3" long by 2 1/4" wide.



Buy Now


 

Hydroponic Forum Discussions:

Aquarium Gravel as a media
New here, and to hydro... fertilizer question
Rock wool question....just add water OR water with nutrients
tomato plant will not fruit
Experts in the hydroponics field
First Tomato Setup
Rapid Rooters and PH
Question About TDS Pen
Going to build a hydroponics tower need some questions answered
Questions about NFT setup
advise needed
Question About reservoir temperature
Introduction. New to this
Hydroponic tomatoes in house not producing
Root rot? Too much watering in rock wool ebb & flow
Closet design
Need some tomato help
Basic Nutrient Strength Question
Non-Circulating (Kratky) Hydro Nutrients?
Can I use the same nutrients for lettuce and strawberrys?

Popular Hydroponic Items:


9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Five picture
9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Five


9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Four picture
9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Four


Vintage Dustfoe #66 Respirator - Mine Safety Appliances - Tin Only picture
Vintage Dustfoe #66 Respirator - Mine Safety Appliances - Tin Only


9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Three picture
9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Three


9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Two picture
9 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing Two


6 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing One picture
6 Anaconda Photos - Anaconda Copper Mining Wire & Cable Co - Listing One


Vintage Brass Miners Lamp Hockley Lamp & Limelight Company picture
Vintage Brass Miners Lamp Hockley Lamp & Limelight Company


Vintage 1985 Alaska State Gold Panning Championship Trophy - 2nd Place - No Name picture
Vintage 1985 Alaska State Gold Panning Championship Trophy - 2nd Place - No Name


Black Powder, Dynamite, Fuses, Explosives: 1922 Dupont Blasters Handbook Reprint picture
Black Powder, Dynamite, Fuses, Explosives: 1922 Dupont Blasters Handbook Reprint


Vintage Msa First Aid Kit, Metal Box picture
Vintage Msa First Aid Kit, Metal Box