Hydroponics Online Store



Hydroponic Systems

Hydroponic Grow Lights & Bulbs

Hydroponic Tents & Grow Boxes

Hydroponic Ballasts

Grow Light Reflectors

Hydroponic Nutrients

Grow Media Rocks

Hydroponic Pumps

Hydroponic Pots

Hydroponic Books

Meters

Hydroponic Exhaust Fans

Hydroponic Seeds

Hydroponic Foggers

Home Store Blog Forums FAQs Lesson Plans Pictures


Search:



Coal & Iron Police badge - Pennsylvania Coal Co. Miners, Mining For Sale


Coal & Iron Police badge - Pennsylvania Coal Co. Miners, Mining



This item has been shown times.

Buy Now

Coal & Iron Police badge - Pennsylvania Coal Co. Miners, Mining:
$370

Coal & Iron Police badge from the Pennsylvania Coal Co.

The Pennsylvania Coal Co. operated numerous mines at Pittston, Inkerman, Avoca, Dunmore and Throop, Pennsylvania.

The Erie Railroad, which began as a wide gauge (six-foot) carrier, reached the Delaware River Valley heading westward, entering Port Jervis in late 1847. The Erie continued on past Mount Hope, Shohola, Lackawaxen, and Narrowsburg along the Delaware. It entered Pike County, Pennsyl vania, then came back to Sullivan County in New York. At Lackawaxen, a branch line was constructed to Hawley in 1863. It reached East Honesdale in 1867, giving the Erie entrance to the northern coal fields and taking business from the D&H Canal, especially in the winter months.

At Hawley, the Erie, acting as agent for the Pennsylvania Coal Company, built the line and then operated the first coal train in December 1863 to Lackawaxen and on to the mainline to tidewater. The coal came from Pennsylvania Coal Company mines near Pittston, PA. This partnership provided year-round trains to market not possible on the D&H canal.

In 1865, the Pennsylvania State Legislature passed State Act 228 which empowered the railroads to organize private police forces. In 1866, a supplement to the act was passed extending the privilege to "embrace all corporations, firms, or individuals, owning, leasing, or being in possession of any colliery, furnace, or rolling mill within this commonwealth." Local Coal & Iron Police commanders were usually a coal or iron company superintendent. or other official. While sanctioned by the State all costs were paid by the coal and iron companies that employed them. They were company supported and controlled private police forces established to do the offerding of the coal and iron companies. The enabling legislation granted the Coal & Iron Police broad police powers on mine and mill property and in company towns. The 1866 legislation stipulated that the words, "coal and iron police" appear on their badges. This private police system grew to the point that by 1900 there were more than 5000 Coal & Iron Police in Pennsylvania. They figured prominently in strike breaking and other anti-union activity. The powers of the Coal & Iron Police were not curtailed until April of 1929 when Governor John S. Fisher, by executive order, ordered that industrial police wear uniforms, that their jurisdiction be limited to the actual protection of company property and that they be prohibited from "undue violence in making arrests, unnecessary display or use of weapons, and profanity". On June 30, 1931, Governor Pinchot revoked all coal and iron police commissions. They were later known as Industrial Police.

Badge measures approx. 3" long by 2 1/4" wide.



Buy Now


 

Hydroponic Forum Discussions:

Conversion of DWC to RDWC
Coco Peat in NFT
PVC vs. Vinyl Fence Posts for Hydro
new to hydroponics and off to a bad start...
Air Max 2016s will certainly benefit the Local American youth sport and training
This version on the adidas Superstar Boost opts for more of a premium appearance
Nike Air Max 1 Ultra TWO. 0 Essential colorway gives you
Drip Vs DWC
White Anti-aphid Mesh
Use for Aloe Vera as a nutrient or a PH down?
Dutch Bucket Help!
new grower - rising ph
Lettuce Floats

Popular Hydroponic Items:


Vtg Lot Of 2 Sunshine Coal Co. Ad Mechanical Pencil S Great Celluloid Working picture
Vtg Lot Of 2 Sunshine Coal Co. Ad Mechanical Pencil S Great Celluloid Working


***great-vintage Atlas Powder Co. Blasting Caps Metal Tin Box*** picture
***great-vintage Atlas Powder Co. Blasting Caps Metal Tin Box***


Bolen Coal Koal Co Hot Stuff Kansas Wood Letter Opener 4 1/2
Bolen Coal Koal Co Hot Stuff Kansas Wood Letter Opener 4 1/2" Ruler Advertising


Antique Wooden Dupont Explosive Dynamite Red Cross Vintage Dovetail Wood Panels picture
Antique Wooden Dupont Explosive Dynamite Red Cross Vintage Dovetail Wood Panels


Vintage Atlas Blasting Cap Tin picture
Vintage Atlas Blasting Cap Tin


Vintage Large P & H Pawling/harnischfeger Cast Iron Plaque Sign Mining Equipment picture
Vintage Large P & H Pawling/harnischfeger Cast Iron Plaque Sign Mining Equipment


Antique Dynamite Box  picture
Antique Dynamite Box


Vintage Anaconda Copper Company Arrowhead Key Chain picture
Vintage Anaconda Copper Company Arrowhead Key Chain


Antique Mining Machinery Catalogue Chatteris Engineering Works Company Steam picture
Antique Mining Machinery Catalogue Chatteris Engineering Works Company Steam


Miner Helmet Ussr 1970s picture
Miner Helmet Ussr 1970s