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THIS sale IS FOR TWO JARS DUG IN THE LOST TORONTO CREEK.
1) JAMES KEILLER & SONS DUNDEE 1862-73 MARMALADE JAR.
2) CROSSE & BLACKWELL ANCHOVY PASTE FOR SANDWICHES JAR.
BOTH JARS DATE FROM THE LATE 1800'S.
BOTH JARS ARE IN GOOD CONDITION WITH SOME DAMAGE.
Thursday, December 16, 2010
Lost Creek under Toronto's Streetcar Condos
While excavating the property at 510 King St East in Toronto, workers
discovered a lost creek which was heaped with trash - some of which is
Dumpdiggers admin were treated to a fascinating account of valuable
antique glass bottles and early Canadian pottery being recovered from
construction site in downtown Toronto. The building project at 512 King
St E is owned by a hip property developer called Streetcar.
The site is located on the north side of King St. at River St which
almost as far east on King as you can go – its opposite St Lawrence
street which is the north western extremity of the massive River City
condominium development. By comparison, the relatively small
'Streetcar condos' building project on the north side of King St is well
under way, and will probably be completed by the summer of 2011. But
back when this property was still being excavated, in July 2010, the
developers found plenty of evidence of a small creek that ran above
ground here, up until the early 1880s. This creek was yet another
tributary of the mighty Don River that was buried by man before the turn
of the century.
Evidence of a lost creek under Toronto
The old glass jars
and cream coloured stoneware beers floating on the top of the puddle at
the bottom of the excavation are all that remains of a centuries old
dump site that served industrial age Toronto. You can see the water is
being sucked out of the hole by sump pumps. When these photos were
taken, the spring water was drained into the storm sewers on the south
side of the property and bottles were popping up all over the place.
construction site manager was very helpful and accommodating, and was
himself an expert in the history of the site. He shied away from my
camera of course; posing for pictures on a job site can be risky. But to
his credit, he was very forthcoming with good information. ‘The creek
has no name' he said in provocative tone, and his words echo in my
pointing outside from behind his comfortable desk in the heated office
trailer, he told me how the north facing wall of the excavation, and now
the building's foundation is engineered with specific water collecting
apparatus to channel the accumulation into nearby municipal storm
good storyteller, the construction site manager recounted the hot July
days when the backhoe operator dredged out several tones of metal debris
that had been dumped and incinerated over a hundred years ago. Back
then the natural water system was deliberately buried under the heaviest
man-made materials available; industrial age iron scraps, building
stones, broken bricks and cement was dumped here to suffocate the
spring. The refuse also contained wagon loads of hundred year old
household trash. The rubbish was incinerated in keeping with period
legislation about dump maintenance with respect to hygiene, so only the
strongest, luckiest bottles survived.Q.S GRAINGER HOTEL KEEPER TORONTO CANADA 1880 BEER BOTTLE
Dumpdiggers reader who contributed information to this story reported
that this Q.S Grainger stoneware beer bottle came from this dig site. It
was hand-turned on a pottery wheel by an unknown local potter in the
1880s. There are only a few remaining with this stamp, and every
specimen is unique. He also wrote that, "There was an assortment of
Toronto blob top pint & quart soda water bottles, many medicine
bottles from Canada & USA, glass & stoneware, ink bottles,
stoneware jars & pottery items. There was even one amber & one
aqua glass fire grenade bottles! A few pot lids from the UK. A total of
about 300 blown bottles that date from 1870 to 1905. This lot had a
creek running from north to south of the property and it was filled in
through many years with ashes. Mixed in the ash were numerous bottles.
The workers only picked up the embossed bottles that were worth money
and left the unembossed ones that were not worth someones time to
clean." Origins of the lost creek and its path to the Don River,
The lost creek originates from a natural spring just north of the
excavation site. In the 1880s it was on the surface and ran south
through this property and what is now the River City condo developments
property, the future site of the Pan American games in 2014.The lost creek fed into the Don River.
Don River Straightening Project helped Toronto become a better city,
but it also created rich pockets of good historic trash for Toronto
diggers to unearth for centuries to come. Let me tell you a story about
the Don River in Toronto in the late 1800s. The people of this great
city have had a love / hate relationship with the Don since the origins
of the British settlement in the 1790s. One
hundred years later, desperate to stop the flooding, and to provide a
shipping channel and to create additional industrial land near the lake,
a vast scheme known as "the Don Improvement" was carried out in
Toronto. The project straightened the river south of Gerrard St to make
room on either side for railroads, roads and other urban infrastructure.
Ashbridge's Marsh was drained and filled, eliminating a public health
concern, while providing acres of new industrial land in the Port Lands.
The expansion of the city in the early 1900 buried the last traces of
the creek that once ran across 512 and 510 King St East. Are these posts the remnants of a small bridge?
you can see, wooden posts were visible at the bottom of the hole. Let
me remind you that the bottom of the hole was almost ten feet below the
surface of present day King St East. Were these wooden posts part of a
small bridge across the lost creek? Picture that if you can, and its
easy to see residents walking and talking... No doubt some of the
antique glass soda bottles were discarded by the users themselves
immediately after consuming the contents. Soda bottles are exactly the
kind of rubbish that get's pitched by hand, while the milk bottles and
medicines are more typical of a systematic municipal trash disposal
program at the site.One
of the best bottles that was recovered was this amber Warner's Safe
Cure which was a popular patent medicine. Because it has the names of
three cities embossed in the glass, its what's known today as a 3 city
Safe Cure.3 CITY NERVINE 1/2 PINT 1889
WARNER’S ~ SAFE ~
NERVINE ~ LONDON - ENGLAND (LEFT SIDE) TORONTO - CANADA (RIGHT SIDE)~
ROCHESTER ~ N.Y. U.S.A. HALF PINT, AMBER, DC. This bottle's value is
approximately $500 as per the Werner's Reference Guide blogspot. The website is definitely worth perusing if you have any Warner bottles in your collection. Another excellent source of information on Warner Patent Medicine bottles is the Warner's Safe Cure Blog
which is the product of a skilled writer that lives his passion for
this specific type of antique glass. I've just spent three hours reading
sixty posts on his site.
THIS BEAUTIFUL QUARTER GALLON WISE'S OLD IRISH WHISKY WHISKEY JUG IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION WITH NO CRACKS BUT IT DOES HAVE A SMALL FLAT CHIP ON BOTTOM. INTERNATIONALAIR MAIL SHIPPING IS $20.PLEASE VIEW MY OTHER BOTTLES ON MY SITE AND store. HAPPY offerDING....
THIS ITEM IS IN CANADA AND IS SUBJECT TO CANADIAN POSTAL RATES. CANADIAN BUYERS CAN REQUEST SHIPPINGRATE TO THEIR POSTAL CODE.
ALL PACKAGES SHIPPED EXPEDITED FROM CANADA COME WITH INSURANCE AND TRACKING INFORMATION.PACKAGES SHIPPED WITHIN CANADA COME WITH $100. INSURANCE AND TRACKING INFORMATION.
All Prices include $100. Insurance
Shipping To USA - $25.
Shipping To Canada - $15.
Shipping To Worldwide - $35.
Small Packet™ - International Air - $35.
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What's New on Dumpdiggers
- The 2011 Toronto Bottle Show
- Lost Creek under Toronto's Streetcar Condos
- American Pickers is a new cable TV show about buying and selling old stuff
- The 2010 Four Seasons Bottle Collectors, Oct 16th General Meeting with Wooden Bottles, Rare Nervaline, And Hearts Everywhere
- Dumpdiggers Help Friends Move into Old Buildings
Wednesday, May 18, 2011
Big Money Bottles Sold On , May 2011
Hamilton’s Patent Stoneware – R. Johnson Greek St. London This pottery piece sold for: £6,310.99 (36 offers in total).
The bottle stands about 7” tall and it's not a torpedo in the truest sense, it stands up on a level surface!
It's thought to date from early to mid nineteenth century !
bottle is glazed up to its shoulders; lip with some scratch marks and a
bit of rust and dirt. The surface lettering reads: “Hamilton’s Patent
R. Johnson, 15 Greek St. London”.
Royal Dalton Kingsware Whiskey Bottle – The Beggars
This very pretty whiskey bottle sold for: C $4,800.00 (20 offers in total)
The bottle stands about 8.5” tall and 4” in diameter
There is a small chip on the spout that must be mentioned.
But the paint and glaze are still in top condition.
Those figures on the design are the ‘little beggars’ just so you know.H. Sproatt Toronto Torpedo Soda Bottle (Rare Teal)
This lovely old soda bottle just sold for: US $1,075.00 (17 offers in total)
It's one of Canada’s earliest soda bottles, and was very likely made at Lockport Glassworks in New York, NY.
The piece dates from approximately the 1850s-1860s.
The glass is a rare teal colour which is odd because most Sproatt torpedoes are aqua.
The lightly polished glass is clean with very few, minor scratches on the surface.
Rare Lime Green Gurd’s Ginger Beer Bottle – Montreal, Canada
This lime green ginger beer bottle just sold for: US $1,175.00 (13 offers in total)
It stands approximately 9.25” tall
The potter mark reads as follows, “29 Buchan & Portobello Edinburgh” with two tiny iron pops
There's a slight 1” line in the green on shoulder.
The product label reads: “Gurd’s Trademark Ginger Beer ‘The Perfect Drink’”
Hmmm I'd like to have one right now.
Thursday, May 26, 2011
Acquiring Antique Bottles From Excavators in Downtown Toronto Construction Sites - May 2011
The title says it all... For many years I've heard about
avaricious antiques collectors who stand at the fence out front of
downtown Toronto excavation sites and arrange to buy found objects from
the workers. The crafty collector infuses the excavators with a duty to
save history, just by talking about the old bottles passionately and
teaching them some history. The friendly merchant who makes lunchtime
visits to the dig site sets a policy and offers to buy everything found
intact for $5 a bottle, and $10 for all pottery. This was a recipe for getting rich
in the 1980s when bottle prices were high and the dumps were the
oldest. But then a lot of tall buildings were built along the lake shore
in the 1990s, and even more in the 2000s, and bottle prices plummeted
with every excavation. Also, the site workers themselves got smarter,
and now they're bottle collectors too.Here I am making 'first contact' with Shawn the Shovel Man at Cherry St. and Lakeshore.
guys on the boring machines at Cherry and Lakeshore are finding some
interesting things with every corkscrew down into the mud.There's
a lot of development happening in the West Donlands. There are plenty
of shovels in the ground and old Toronto bottles are popping up
everywhere.Let's look at the future of this place. This is 2015Athletes
Village - Pan American Games Park - Lower Donlands. On November 6th
2009, it was announced that Toronto had won the 2015 Pan Am Games, on
the first ballot.Now journey back to 1793, to the shores of muddy york.
are busy digging up the foundations of old buildings as they search for
history ahead of steam shovels developing this quarter for the Pan Am
games. Here's a discussion on Urban Toronto asking and telling about archeologists in the Old City
- the oldest part of Toronto. Click the map - the picture expands and
you can see right where Toronto started. This is the 1793 Map of the
Toronto Harbour made by Joseph Bouchette.
The Lower Donlands,
just east of The Distillery District, is one of the oldest parts of
Toronto. It’s been neglected for years and is only now undergoing some
long overdue development. Earlier this year, I posted about a lost creek that became a Toronto city dump
in the late 1880s, at King and River Sts. Streetcar Developments condo
buildings have some special engineering to suck up water at the base of
the northwest wall and channel it through pipes to return it to the
municipal sewer system drainage on the south side of the structure. They
had to do this or the underground parking lot would flood because of a
spring to the north that made the original lost creek which, previously,
ran into the Don River. This natural water system was buried in garbage
in the late 1880s. The excavation workers at that site carried away
boxes full of early pottery and glass bottles while the machines were
digging the riverbed. The one picture of 1870s era stoneware beers that I
obtained for the blog was only a small portion of the hoard that sprung
forth, only to be reburied in dump trucks or snatched away by staff.Over
the years the luckiest and friendliest excavation site workers have
become well paid ‘inside men', and profit by selling or trading what
they find in the ground. Most just liquidate for cash, but some of these
guys amass large collections of museum quality artifacts. At Cherry
Street and Lakeshore the boys are keen to find things, but unfortunately
there's a lot of broken material due to the corkscrew boring
mechanism... Working right on top of the Martin Goodman bike
path south of the railroad bridge, and in the shadow of the Gardiner
Expressway overhead, these yellow clad men are the most unlikely time
travelers you'll ever meet, but with every corkscrew full of earth they
dredge up from twenty feet down, they voyage back to the shoreline of
the earliest British settlement.On
May 18th I was passing alongside the site and hoping to get somebody’s
attention, because I smelled a good story. At that time, I just wanted
to know if they were finding anything? And were they finding any old
bottles and pottery? With just one quick scan of site and huge screw
machine however I could see that the apparatus was not historical
artifact friendly.But there were bottles here. The two story
tall drill came up out the ground and it was possible, just for moment,
to see the industrial age dump on the blades. You could see historic
rubbish being removed from the earth; century old garbage was staring at me right there on the blade.
The crew is here boring down into the earth to make cylindrical holes
in the ground and sink steel pipes that will soon be filled with
concrete to anchor buildings. The ground is a century old city dump very
near the original mouth of the Don River.Then
it happened again and this time right in front of my eyes. The giant
auger came up out of the pipe, the huge corkscrew blade spun around and
all the clumps of mud came flying off the blade. There was an unbroken
Chas Wilson soda bottle that rolled off the clumps and a little blue
Bromo Seltzer finger sized bottle was spotted in the mud beside it. They
were retrieved and wiped clean.Further along at the base of
'the piles' I could see broken pot lids and broken stoneware. With my
sharp eyes I spotted other small cylindrical pottery vessels covered in
white furnace ash. And once again as the auger came up out of the pipe I
saw a cross section of a decent little dump with multiple ‘goody veins’
right there on the blades. I should have taken a video of that moment,
or a picture of the booty on that huge drill bit – but I was standing
right beside Shawn the Shovelman and I couldn’t very well make media in
such an overt manner at that particular time.The excavators are curious about why some bottles are worth more than others?
They always ask which bottles to look out for, and if you tell them a
name, any name, they'll squint their eyes and try for a moment to commit
the words to memory. The older guys with good collections already know
what to pick up - and it all happens so fast. The backhoe operator will
pause the machine and give a nod to his shovel man when he sees
something he wants. He'll get out of the machine himself and get down
and pick it up if he sees blue glass, or any unbroken pottery, or any
torpedo shaped glass bottles - that's money. If he gets out of the rig a
lot it will annoy the site manager and the people watching the clock
will soon make rules against the bottle collecting.At Cherry St.
I got the general impression that the guy running the biggest machine
was in charge of the whole operation. When I handed my card to Shawn he
removed his muddy gloves and carried the card with some care all the way
over to the corkscrew operator. This bearded chap scrutinized my card
from inside the cab of his two story drilling machine. He looked up at
me in the gate. I waved. He nodded. Then I turned around and walked back
to The Distillery... At my office, I did some research on the
area and found some great cartography. This very old area has changed
considerably since the 1800s. This land was also the site of a large
city dump – the Keating Channel is a relatively new development. Here's a
map of this area in the 1870s. On this date in history, the city of
Toronto is ready to expand by dumping household garbage into the marshy
lake shore. (Click these map pictures, they expand.)
at the little river channel through the marsh south of the Grand Trunk
Railway. I put the X in the wrong spot - the railway tracks are still
there. The diggers are actually digging in the original mouth of the Don
Now here is the same property in 1910.
Notice there is no sign of the Don River here whatsoever. The mouth of
the river has been buried using mostly household trash and wood ash.
(Click these map pictures, they expand.)Now here is the same property in 1941 - now there is a steel bridge over the Don River spillway, the Keating Channel (Click these map pictures, they expand.) TWO DAYS LATER MY PHONE RANGTwo
days later I got a phone call from the big screw driver and he asked me
if I would like to come down to the site and have a peek at what he's
been picking up all week. He was pretty excited about some recently
recovered bottles. He wanted to sell them. ‘Listen’ the voice says,
‘I’ve got six boxes in my garage, and my wife is clean freak. I’ve got
to get rid of some.' And soon enough he asks if perhaps I'd like to buy
the whole lot? "Of course," I reply, 'bring everything.'Of
course I won't buy the whole works – not unless I can see squat sodas
and ginger beers in the boxes, but yes, I will come and look at them and
cherry pick through the boxes looking for the best bottles to buy. I'll
make purchases, one at a time, haggling for the lowest possible price
per item, while angling for freebies.The following afternoon, Weds May 25th 2011
I had my first experience as a construction site bottle picker. I was
there waiting at the gate at 12:00 noon sharp as per our earlier
arrangement. For years I’ve heard about hoarders who've made fortunes
buying and selling valuable glass vessels found in excavation sites. The
pieces change hands three or fours times before the end up in the
city's best antique shops. But that was then, and this is now. Bottles
and stoneware collectibles have plummeted in price. And the merchandise
that was put on display that afternoon really wasn't all that special.The Excavation Site Bottle Show Started at NoonHere's a clear class Orange Crush, and below is a Bromo Seltzer.Found a little Balsam Honey.Some common Toronto patent medicines, Some common early Toronto milk bottlesand at least one bottle I'd never seen before...Stay tuned for more information and more pictures...
Friday, June 17, 2011
Miller's Prepared Glycerine
MILLER, HUGH, pharmacist, jp, and office holder; b. 2 June 1818 in
Inverness, Scotland; m. 8 June 1847 Helen Dow in Whitby, Upper Canada,
and they had seven children; d. 24 Dec. 1898 in Toronto.
Miller immigrated to Upper Canada in 1841 and established himself in
Toronto. Having been trained as a pharmacist, he worked briefly for two
pharmaceutical firms before opening a retail pharmacy on King Street
East. He continued to operate it, enjoying a reasonable success, until
his death. For a time two of his sons were associated with him in the
practice. The elder, William, was most actively involved, but he died in
1894; Kenneth A. had left pharmacy in the early 1880s.
operating his business, Miller was prominent in the establishment and
administration of various organizations of Ontario pharmacists. During
the 1860s, following the lead of their colleagues in Britain and the
United States, pharmacists in the Canadas had begun to move towards
formal associations in order to counter threats from the medical
profession to their accustomed freedoms. Miller was a founding member
and vice-president of the Canadian Pharmaceutical Society, established
in 1867 in Toronto to press the new federal government for legislation
which would create a regulatory and professional association. By the
autumn of 1868 it had become evident that such legislation would not be
quickly forthcoming, and the CPhS turned to the provincial government
for help. Miller and a handful of colleagues were selected to draft
pharmacy legislation, which became the Ontario Pharmacy Act of 1871.
act created the Ontario College of Pharmacy as a regulatory body with
the power to issue licences to those entitled to practise under the act
and allowed physicians and surgeons to be licensed as pharmacists
without examination. It also outlined the organizational structure of
the OCP, empowered it to hold property, and controlled the sale of
poisons, the use of titles such as druggist and pharmacist, and the
operation of pharmaceutical shops. The college, which until the early
part of the 20th century had considerable national importance, also
carried responsibility for the education of pharmacists. Its first
president was William Elliot. Miller was elected to the council of the
OCP at its inception, and he was regularly returned until 1888, serving
as president between 1881 and 1883. During his presidency the OCP
founded a school of pharmacy, which became affiliated with the
University of Toronto in 1892 and an independent faculty of the
university in 1953.Although Miller never ran for political
office, he was a staunch supporter of the Liberal party and a confidant
of George Brown* and Alexander Mackenzie. He never forgot his homeland,
and he was active in a number of Scottish organizations in Toronto,
including the St Andrew’s Society, the Sons of Scotland, the Caledonian
Society, and the Gaelic Society. He also belonged to the York Pioneer
and Historical Society. Described in an obituary as “one of the most
esteemed” freemasons in Toronto, he had joined the order in Britain and
in Toronto was associated with St Andrew’s Lodge No. 16. During the last
25 years of his life, Miller acted as a justice of the peace, and from
about 1894 as an assistant police magistrate. The latter activity, in
which he was engaged until the day before his death, earned him wide
respect.Ernst W. Stieb Here's product
Druggist (Strathroy, Ont., and Toronto), 11 (1899): 9. Canadian
Pharmaceutical Journal (Toronto), 32 (1898–99): 282. Evening News
(Toronto), 27 Dec. 1898. Globe, 26 Dec. 1898. Toronto World, 26 Dec.
1898. Toronto directory, 1843–99. A brief history of pharmacy in Canada,
ed. A. V. Raison ([Toronto, 1969]), 70–75. Elizabeth MacNab, A legal
history of health professions in Ontario . . . (Toronto, ),
216–43. One hundred years of pharmacy in Canada, 1867–1967, [ed. E. W.
Stieb] (Toronto, 1969). B. P. DesRoches, “The first 100 years of
pharmacy in Ontario,” Canadian Pharmaceutical Journal, 105 (1972):
225–27. E. W. Stieb, “A century of formal pharmaceutical education in
Ontario,” Canadian Pharmaceutical Journal (Ottawa), 116 (1983): 104–7,
153–57; “A professional keeping shop: the nineteenth-century
apothecary,” Material Hist. Bull. (Ottawa), 22 (1985): 1–10.
© 2000 University of Toronto/Université Laval
Thursday, November 25, 2010
American Pickers is a new cable TV show about buying and selling old stuff
news for Dumpdiggers all over the world – US cable television audiences
have rediscovered a love for antiques and collectibles! Now there’s
more than just Antiques Roadshow on the boob tube to educate and entertain collectors.
Much like the TV show Pawn Stars,
the new TV series that I watch at 10pm on Tuesday nights on History
Canada mines the drama of bartering, and the human exchange of words and
emotions as buyers and sellers try to find common ground. Unlike
Pawn Stars, which is a cable TV show that's coloured by people who want
or need the money, Mike Wolfe and Frank Fritz, the American Pickers
travel great distances to deal with people who're usually more than a
little reluctant to sell. And there’s the conflict. TV and indeed all
storytelling mediums require somebody versus somebody or something to
make interesting drama. Pawn Stars has a dysfunctional family dynamic
going on, and The Traveling Antiques Road Show often pitted experts and
against collectors. Here its different – the conflict comes from Mike
and Frank and their desire to buy commodities that are not for sale. And
therein lays the biggest single problem with the show. It’s just not
real enough, and the numbers don’t quite add up.
These two experts
travel around Iowa, the greater Midwest, and the Southern United States
in a white panel van that’s emblazoned with their red and black Antique
Archaeology business logo. Unlike real pickers who peruse antiques
barns, yard sales and estate sales, these guys show up uninvited at
people's houses and attempt to buy their cherished antiques and
collectibles. They are assisted by Danielle Colby-Cushman, who works
remotely from a home base in LeClaire, Iowa to help them run their
to the site’s web copy, Mike Wolf has earned a reputation as one of the
country's foremost foragers, traveling coast to coast in search of
forgotten treasures. Where other people see dilapidated barns and
overgrown yards, Mike sees goldmines packed with rare finds and
sensational stories. Wolfe and Fritz go prospecting in the homes of
casual collectors, hoarders and people who have inherited large deposits
of their ancestors junk.
What do the guys pick up exactly?
Antique Archeology duo seems to get real excited by old musical
equipment, vintage kitchenware, all manner of advertising signs and rare
bits of scrap metal. They like old automobiles evn if they're only good
for auto parts - they'll even buy old rusty bicycles. Fritz has a
fondness for antique toys, antique oil cans, and Honda motorcycles.
secret to being a picker is having a strong base of curious customers
that can fuel such prospecting expeditions with ready cash. Mike's
clients include interior designers, art directors, photographers and
collectors. And although it’s probably the most important part of the
business – it’s significant that we never get to see these people. When
the acquisitions are finalized and the items are being loaded into the
van, the producers of the show will flash graphics showing the amount
paid and the amount at which the item has been valued… well anyone
that’s actually in this business knows that’s just a hopeful guess. Not
every item sells and in their business model the margins are so tight
that if one item fails to sell it will ruin their month! I know... its
images are snapped from my TV set during the "Super Scooter" episode.
The half hour shows how the pair works together. Wolfe is nearly
drooling over a Vespa Ape scooter. The owner wants $5,000 for it, and
Wolfe offers $4,500 -- which is rejected. Season 2 premiered June 7, 2010 and turned into a real monster Monday hit for History when it was paired with Pawn Stars. American Pickers
debuted with more than three million viewers and this month has
approached four million, placing it among the 20 top-rated shows on
cable.see because Frank is my favourite of the two pickers, here's a link to his
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WE STRIVE FOR 5 STAR CUSTOMER SERVICE.
DATING DOULTON LAMBETH
Doulton traces its ancestry back to the Jones, Watts & Doulton
pottery in Lambeth in 1815. By 1826 the company was trading as Doulton
& Watts, and in 1853 became Doulton & Co. The turn of the
century saw the granting of the Royal Warrant and permission to use the
epithet 'Royal.' The history of Doulton Lambeth ceased in 1956 with the
closure of the factory and studios. By that time most of the production
had been transferred to more modern works.
follows a selection of the backstamps most commonly used on Doulton
Lambeth wares, and some further brief hints on dating. The information
is taken from "The Doulton Lambeth Wares" by Desmond Eyles. This
comprehensive work contains a great deal of valuable material besides,
including monograms and biographical details of individual artists and
assistants (see below).
Impressed, moulded or incised marks on stoneware and terracotta products, c. 1827-1858. Notes:
(i) No marks have been traced for the Vauxhall Walk period 1815- 1826.
(ii) No. 15 High Street, Lambeth, was renumbered 28 in 1838.
John Watts retired in 1853 and the name of the firm became Doulton
& Co. The name Doulton & Watts may, however have been continued
in trade-marks for some time.
Impressed or printed marks on plain
brown- and cream-glazed stoneware c. 1858-c. 1910. Also found impressed
on some of the earliest Doulton Ware with simple incised decoration
1866-1869. After the word 'England' was added.
are several minor variations of this impressed or printed mark, used on
plain brown-and cream-glazed stoneware c. 1891-1956. It is also found
very occasionally on Doulton Ware and Lambeth Faïence.
Tinworth, who always regarded Henry Doulton as his patron used these
names, roughly incised, on many of his panels and plaques. (The old firm
known as Henry Doulton & Co. had in fact made drainpipes and had
ceased to exist long before Tinworth came to Lambeth).
Impressed mark on early Doulton Ware c. 1869-1872.
mark on Doulton Ware. The date was added between 1872 and 1877 and
occasionally between 1877 and 1887. A circular printed variation of this
mark is also found.
or printed mark on Lambeth Faience c.1873-c. 1914. After 1891 the word
'England' was added. A date was sometimes inserted in the centre of the
mark. This mark is found also on Doulton Ware.
Impressed mark on Doulton Ware c. 18761880. A date is usually found impressed nearby. Occasionally found on Lambeth Faience.
or printed mark on Lambeth Faience c. 1873-c. 1914. After 1891 the word
'England' was added. Sometimes both No. 9 and No. 11 appear on the same
or printed mark on Doulton Ware c. 1880 to 1902. After 1891 the word
'England' was added. The year of production also occurs occasionally.
This mark is sometimes found on Lambeth faience along with No. 11.
or printed mark on ashtrays and other small items of Doulton Ware.
Occasionally found also on larger pots; c. 1891-1956.
Impressed or printed mark on Impasto Ware 1879 - c.1914. After 1891 the word 'England' was added.
or printed mark on Crown Lambeth Ware 1891-c. 1903. (Mark No. 12 with
the word 'Crown' above it is also found, especially before 1894).
variants of this mark, used in conjunction with Doulton Ware or Lambeth
Faïence marks are found on Chiné and Chiné-Gilt Wares 1885-1930.
Impressed or printed marks on Marqueterie Ware 1887-c. 1906. After 1891 the word 'England' was added.
Impressed or printed mark on Carrara Ware 1891-1924. Between 1887 and 1891 Mark No. 12 is found on Carrara Ware.
or printed mark on Silicon Stoneware c. 1880-1932. The word 'England'
was added after 1891. Mark No. 12 is also found on some early Silicon
mark, in conjunction with No. 12 or No. 21, is found on some pots made
in the early 1900s, with a metallic coating obtained by the
electro-deposition of silver and copper.
new mark, available for use on all the decorated Doulton Lambeth and
Burslem Wares, was introduced in 1902 after the Company had been given
the right, the previous year, to use the description 'Royal Doulton' for
its products. (Some of the marks for specific wares were continued in
use with or without No. 21). The lower portion (without the lion and
crown) was used on smaller pots from 1902 to 1956.
Impressed or printed mark on Doulton Ware 1922-1956.
Impressed or printed mark on slip-cast Doulton Ware such as figures and noncircular pots c. 1912-1956.
Printed mark on hard-paste porcelain figures c. 1918-1933
monogram is also found on some hard-paste porcelain c. 1918-1933. It is
made up of a combined M and T, denoting not the designer but J. H.
Mott, art director, and W. Thomason, chief chemist, who developed the
new porcelain body.
Impressed or printed mark on 'Persian Ware' c. 1920-1936.
mark is found on a range of pigment decorated pots introduced in the
mid 1920s. It has also been found on some large wall-plaques. It appears
to have been discontinued by 1939.
Further Aids to Dating
approximate date of introduction of such patterns may be estimated from
the following table. It must be borne in mind that some patterns, if
they proved popular, were continued for several years after their first
introduction. The trade-mark will also help to determine the approximate
date of manufacture.
will be noted that after Sir Henry Doulton's death in 1897 the average
number of new introductions a year dwindled considerably.Between
1902 and 1925 impressed lower-case date-letters are found on some pots.
These letters run in consecutive order from c in 1902 to z in 1925.
They usually but not always appear inside a shield.On slip-cast wares the month and year of manufacture were sometimes indicated by impressed figures, e.g. 10.21 for October 1921.
Registration Marks and Numbers
designs registered at the Patent Office between 1842 and1883 a diamond
shaped mark will usually be found in addition to the normal trade-mark.
Two different patterns of diamonds were used but so far as the Doulton
Lambeth Wares are concerned one need only consider the following:
most important item here is the letter on the right-hand side of the
diamond (C in the above illustration) which indicates the year of
registration (1870).The following is the key to these letters:
letter at the bottom of the diamond indicates the month of registration
as follows: A: December; B: October; C or O: January; D: September; E:
May; C: February; H: April; I: July; K: November; M: June; R: August; W:
1884 onwards Registration Numbers were used instead of the diamond
shaped mark. The following table shows the first number issued each year
up to 1909. The numbers f from 1903 to 1909 are approximate. A slight
overlap may occur between the end of one year and the beginning of
167 Picadilly, London, W1 V 9DE
Telephone (071) 491 2717
A varied programme of exhibitions of interest to the Royal Doulton enthusiast.
Artistry in Action
a trip around the Royal Doulton Pottery in Burslem and see artistry in
action. During more than a century and a half Royal Doulton have gained a
unique reputation for ceramic work of art. Each new generation of
potters and ceramic artists strives to improve on its predecessors'
work. Our world famous figures, ornaments and fine china take shape
before your eyes as you are guided through every facet of our centuries
old creative art. Write or telephone for full details:
Mrs Sandra Baddeley
Doulton Fine China
Nile Street, Burselm
Stoke-on-Trent ST6 2AJ
Telephone: (0782) 575454
The Sir Henry Doulton Gallery
unique gallery, at the Doulton Fine China Nile Street Pottery, Burslem,
traces the story of Doulton from its foundation in 1815 and includes
the world famous collection of several hundred rare figures. The gallery
is named after Sir Henry Doulton, son of the founder of the company,
who was the first potter ever to be knighted for services to ceramic
art.Open weekdays, 9.00-4.15. Closed factory holidays. (no appointment necessary) Telephone (0782) 575454A
body of collectors has grown up interested in all branches of Doulton's
varied output and today an International Collectors Club exists to
cater for this interest- full details can be found below.
The Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club
Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club is a flourishing
organisation devoted to meeting the needs and special interests Royal
Doulton enthusiasts.Why don't you take advantage of the many benefits? How the club can help you
have the opportunity to add to your collection with specially
commissioned items. Exclusive to members, on a limited basis, they bear
the unique backstamp of the Club.Members
are kept up to date on collecting matters by mailings. Four times a
year you will receive the well illustrated Club magazine, full of
articles and news concerning Royal Doulton wares past and present. One
of the jobs of the Club is to help you identify and date unusual items
and find out other relevant information by referring to the Royal
club regularly announces where Royal Doulton artists and designers are
holding demonstrations. If visiting the Potteries, Club members are
invited to tour the Royal Doulton studios free.To
take advantage of all the benefits of membership write for an
application form to Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club at U.K.
Branch, Minton House, London Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7QD, Telephone
(0782) 744766 or to the appropriate address shown below.
THE ROYAL DOULTON COLLECTORS' LIBRARY
satisfy an overwhelming demand from the world's museums, libraries and
collectors, these handsome and authoritative reference books have been
published with the full co-operation of Royal Doulton.Each
one is written by an acknowledged expert, copiously illustrated, and
will remain the definitive work on specialist aspects of Royal Doulton
artistry for many years.
"The Royal Doulton Figures Book" c.1890-1987
Desmond Eyles, Richard Dennis and Louise Irvine
"The Doulton Burslem Wares"
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 1
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 2
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 3
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 4
"The Doulton Story"
Paul Atterbury and Louise Irvine
"Collecting Royal Doulton Character and Toby Jugs" (revised edition)
"Doulton Kingsware Flasks"
"Doulton Flambe Animals"
"Doulton Burslem Advertising Wares"
"Doulton for the Collector"
"Phillips Collectors Guide - Royal Doulton"
"Royal Doulton Limited Edition Loving Cups and Jugs"
Louise Irvine and Richard Dennis
"Sir Henry Doulton Biography"
"Bunnykins Collectors Book"
"A Bunnykins Book -Counting"
"A Bunnykins Book - Nursery Rhymes"
"A Bunnykins Book - ABC"
"A Bunnykins Book - Rhyming Games"
All four books illustrated by Colin Twinn
Royal Doulton Addresses
Royal Doulton Limited,
Minton House, London Road
Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7QD
Tel: (0782) 744766
nv Royal Doulton (Belgium) sa,
25 Europark Noord,
Sint Niklaas 2700, Belgium.
Doulton Tableware Pty, Limited,
17-23 Merriwa Street, Gordon,
NSW 2072, Australia.
Doulton and Co. (S.A.) Pty, Limited,
P.O. Box 6254, Johannesburg 2000,
Doulton and Co. Inc.,
700 Cottontail Lane, Somerset,
New Jersey 08873, USA.
Doulton Canada Inc,
850 Progress Avenue, Scarborough,
Ontario M1 H 3C4, Canada.