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Thursday, December 16, 2010 Lost Creek under Toronto's Streetcar Condos

While excavating the property at 510 King St East in Toronto, workers discovered a lost creek which was heaped with trash - some of which is now treasure.
Recently Dumpdiggers admin were treated to a fascinating account of valuable antique glass bottles and early Canadian pottery being recovered from construction site in downtown Toronto. The building project at 512 King St E is owned by a hip property developer called Streetcar. The site is located on the north side of King St. at River St which almost as far east on King as you can go – its opposite St Lawrence street which is the north western extremity of the massive River City condominium development. By comparison, the relatively small 'Streetcar condos' building project on the north side of King St is well under way, and will probably be completed by the summer of 2011. But back when this property was still being excavated, in July 2010, the developers found plenty of evidence of a small creek that ran above ground here, up until the early 1880s. This creek was yet another tributary of the mighty Don River that was buried by man before the turn of the century.

Evidence of a lost creek under Toronto
The old glass jars and cream coloured stoneware beers floating on the top of the puddle at the bottom of the excavation are all that remains of a centuries old dump site that served industrial age Toronto. You can see the water is being sucked out of the hole by sump pumps. When these photos were taken, the spring water was drained into the storm sewers on the south side of the property and bottles were popping up all over the place.
The construction site manager was very helpful and accommodating, and was himself an expert in the history of the site. He shied away from my camera of course; posing for pictures on a job site can be risky. But to his credit, he was very forthcoming with good information. ‘The creek has no name' he said in provocative tone, and his words echo in my thoughts.
While pointing outside from behind his comfortable desk in the heated office trailer, he told me how the north facing wall of the excavation, and now the building's foundation is engineered with specific water collecting apparatus to channel the accumulation into nearby municipal storm sewers.
A good storyteller, the construction site manager recounted the hot July days when the backhoe operator dredged out several tones of metal debris that had been dumped and incinerated over a hundred years ago. Back then the natural water system was deliberately buried under the heaviest man-made materials available; industrial age iron scraps, building stones, broken bricks and cement was dumped here to suffocate the spring. The refuse also contained wagon loads of hundred year old household trash. The rubbish was incinerated in keeping with period legislation about dump maintenance with respect to hygiene, so only the strongest, luckiest bottles survived.Q.S GRAINGER HOTEL KEEPER TORONTO CANADA 1880 BEER BOTTLE
The Dumpdiggers reader who contributed information to this story reported that this Q.S Grainger stoneware beer bottle came from this dig site. It was hand-turned on a pottery wheel by an unknown local potter in the 1880s. There are only a few remaining with this stamp, and every specimen is unique. He also wrote that, "There was an assortment of Toronto blob top pint & quart soda water bottles, many medicine bottles from Canada & USA, glass & stoneware, ink bottles, stoneware jars & pottery items. There was even one amber & one aqua glass fire grenade bottles! A few pot lids from the UK. A total of about 300 blown bottles that date from 1870 to 1905. This lot had a creek running from north to south of the property and it was filled in through many years with ashes. Mixed in the ash were numerous bottles. The workers only picked up the embossed bottles that were worth money and left the unembossed ones that were not worth someones time to clean." Origins of the lost creek and its path to the Don River,
The lost creek originates from a natural spring just north of the excavation site. In the 1880s it was on the surface and ran south through this property and what is now the River City condo developments property, the future site of the Pan American games in 2014.The lost creek fed into the Don River.
The Don River Straightening Project helped Toronto become a better city, but it also created rich pockets of good historic trash for Toronto diggers to unearth for centuries to come. Let me tell you a story about the Don River in Toronto in the late 1800s. The people of this great city have had a love / hate relationship with the Don since the origins of the British settlement in the 1790s. One hundred years later, desperate to stop the flooding, and to provide a shipping channel and to create additional industrial land near the lake, a vast scheme known as "the Don Improvement" was carried out in Toronto. The project straightened the river south of Gerrard St to make room on either side for railroads, roads and other urban infrastructure. Ashbridge's Marsh was drained and filled, eliminating a public health concern, while providing acres of new industrial land in the Port Lands. The expansion of the city in the early 1900 buried the last traces of the creek that once ran across 512 and 510 King St East. Are these posts the remnants of a small bridge?
As you can see, wooden posts were visible at the bottom of the hole. Let me remind you that the bottom of the hole was almost ten feet below the surface of present day King St East. Were these wooden posts part of a small bridge across the lost creek? Picture that if you can, and its easy to see residents walking and talking... No doubt some of the antique glass soda bottles were discarded by the users themselves immediately after consuming the contents. Soda bottles are exactly the kind of rubbish that get's pitched by hand, while the milk bottles and medicines are more typical of a systematic municipal trash disposal program at the site.One of the best bottles that was recovered was this amber Warner's Safe Cure which was a popular patent medicine. Because it has the names of three cities embossed in the glass, its what's known today as a 3 city Safe Cure.3 CITY NERVINE 1/2 PINT 1889
WARNER’S ~ SAFE ~ NERVINE ~ LONDON - ENGLAND (LEFT SIDE) TORONTO - CANADA (RIGHT SIDE)~ ROCHESTER ~ N.Y. U.S.A. HALF PINT, AMBER, DC. This bottle's value is approximately $500 as per the Werner's Reference Guide blogspot. The website is definitely worth perusing if you have any Warner bottles in your collection. Another excellent source of information on Warner Patent Medicine bottles is the Warner's Safe Cure Blog which is the product of a skilled writer that lives his passion for this specific type of antique glass. I've just spent three hours reading sixty posts on his site.




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What's New on Dumpdiggers
  • The 2011 Toronto Bottle Show
  • Lost Creek under Toronto's Streetcar Condos
  • American Pickers is a new cable TV show about buying and selling old stuff
  • The 2010 Four Seasons Bottle Collectors, Oct 16th General Meeting with Wooden Bottles, Rare Nervaline, And Hearts Everywhere
  • Dumpdiggers Help Friends Move into Old Buildings
Provided by Wednesday, May 18, 2011 Big Money Bottles Sold On , May 2011 .
Hamilton’s Patent Stoneware – R. Johnson Greek St. London This pottery piece sold for: £6,310.99 (36 offers in total).
The bottle stands about 7” tall and it's not a torpedo in the truest sense, it stands up on a level surface!
It's thought to date from early to mid nineteenth century !
The bottle is glazed up to its shoulders; lip with some scratch marks and a bit of rust and dirt. The surface lettering reads: “Hamilton’s Patent R. Johnson, 15 Greek St. London”.
Royal Dalton Kingsware Whiskey Bottle – The Beggars
This very pretty whiskey bottle sold for: C $4,800.00 (20 offers in total)
The bottle stands about 8.5” tall and 4” in diameter
There is a small chip on the spout that must be mentioned.
But the paint and glaze are still in top condition.
Those figures on the design are the ‘little beggars’ just so you know.H. Sproatt Toronto Torpedo Soda Bottle (Rare Teal)

This lovely old soda bottle just sold for: US $1,075.00 (17 offers in total)
It's one of Canada’s earliest soda bottles, and was very likely made at Lockport Glassworks in New York, NY.
The piece dates from approximately the 1850s-1860s.
The glass is a rare teal colour which is odd because most Sproatt torpedoes are aqua.
The lightly polished glass is clean with very few, minor scratches on the surface.
Rare Lime Green Gurd’s Ginger Beer Bottle – Montreal, Canada

This lime green ginger beer bottle just sold for: US $1,175.00 (13 offers in total)
It stands approximately 9.25” tall
The potter mark reads as follows, “29 Buchan & Portobello Edinburgh” with two tiny iron pops
There's a slight 1” line in the green on shoulder.
The product label reads: “Gurd’s Trademark Ginger Beer ‘The Perfect Drink’”
Hmmm I'd like to have one right now. Thursday, May 26, 2011 Acquiring Antique Bottles From Excavators in Downtown Toronto Construction Sites - May 2011

The title says it all... For many years I've heard about avaricious antiques collectors who stand at the fence out front of downtown Toronto excavation sites and arrange to buy found objects from the workers. The crafty collector infuses the excavators with a duty to save history, just by talking about the old bottles passionately and teaching them some history. The friendly merchant who makes lunchtime visits to the dig site sets a policy and offers to buy everything found intact for $5 a bottle, and $10 for all pottery. This was a recipe for getting rich in the 1980s when bottle prices were high and the dumps were the oldest. But then a lot of tall buildings were built along the lake shore in the 1990s, and even more in the 2000s, and bottle prices plummeted with every excavation. Also, the site workers themselves got smarter, and now they're bottle collectors too.Here I am making 'first contact' with Shawn the Shovel Man at Cherry St. and Lakeshore.

The guys on the boring machines at Cherry and Lakeshore are finding some interesting things with every corkscrew down into the mud.There's a lot of development happening in the West Donlands. There are plenty of shovels in the ground and old Toronto bottles are popping up everywhere.Let's look at the future of this place. This is 2015Athletes Village - Pan American Games Park - Lower Donlands. On November 6th 2009, it was announced that Toronto had won the 2015 Pan Am Games, on the first ballot.Now journey back to 1793, to the shores of muddy york.
Archeologists are busy digging up the foundations of old buildings as they search for history ahead of steam shovels developing this quarter for the Pan Am games. Here's a discussion on Urban Toronto asking and telling about archeologists in the Old City - the oldest part of Toronto. Click the map - the picture expands and you can see right where Toronto started. This is the 1793 Map of the Toronto Harbour made by Joseph Bouchette.

The Lower Donlands, just east of The Distillery District, is one of the oldest parts of Toronto. It’s been neglected for years and is only now undergoing some long overdue development. Earlier this year, I posted about a lost creek that became a Toronto city dump in the late 1880s, at King and River Sts. Streetcar Developments condo buildings have some special engineering to suck up water at the base of the northwest wall and channel it through pipes to return it to the municipal sewer system drainage on the south side of the structure. They had to do this or the underground parking lot would flood because of a spring to the north that made the original lost creek which, previously, ran into the Don River. This natural water system was buried in garbage in the late 1880s. The excavation workers at that site carried away boxes full of early pottery and glass bottles while the machines were digging the riverbed. The one picture of 1870s era stoneware beers that I obtained for the blog was only a small portion of the hoard that sprung forth, only to be reburied in dump trucks or snatched away by staff.Over the years the luckiest and friendliest excavation site workers have become well paid ‘inside men', and profit by selling or trading what they find in the ground. Most just liquidate for cash, but some of these guys amass large collections of museum quality artifacts. At Cherry Street and Lakeshore the boys are keen to find things, but unfortunately there's a lot of broken material due to the corkscrew boring mechanism... Working right on top of the Martin Goodman bike path south of the railroad bridge, and in the shadow of the Gardiner Expressway overhead, these yellow clad men are the most unlikely time travelers you'll ever meet, but with every corkscrew full of earth they dredge up from twenty feet down, they voyage back to the shoreline of the earliest British settlement.On May 18th I was passing alongside the site and hoping to get somebody’s attention, because I smelled a good story. At that time, I just wanted to know if they were finding anything? And were they finding any old bottles and pottery? With just one quick scan of site and huge screw machine however I could see that the apparatus was not historical artifact friendly.But there were bottles here. The two story tall drill came up out the ground and it was possible, just for moment, to see the industrial age dump on the blades. You could see historic rubbish being removed from the earth; century old garbage was staring at me right there on the blade. The crew is here boring down into the earth to make cylindrical holes in the ground and sink steel pipes that will soon be filled with concrete to anchor buildings. The ground is a century old city dump very near the original mouth of the Don River.Then it happened again and this time right in front of my eyes. The giant auger came up out of the pipe, the huge corkscrew blade spun around and all the clumps of mud came flying off the blade. There was an unbroken Chas Wilson soda bottle that rolled off the clumps and a little blue Bromo Seltzer finger sized bottle was spotted in the mud beside it. They were retrieved and wiped clean.Further along at the base of 'the piles' I could see broken pot lids and broken stoneware. With my sharp eyes I spotted other small cylindrical pottery vessels covered in white furnace ash. And once again as the auger came up out of the pipe I saw a cross section of a decent little dump with multiple ‘goody veins’ right there on the blades. I should have taken a video of that moment, or a picture of the booty on that huge drill bit – but I was standing right beside Shawn the Shovelman and I couldn’t very well make media in such an overt manner at that particular time.The excavators are curious about why some bottles are worth more than others? They always ask which bottles to look out for, and if you tell them a name, any name, they'll squint their eyes and try for a moment to commit the words to memory. The older guys with good collections already know what to pick up - and it all happens so fast. The backhoe operator will pause the machine and give a nod to his shovel man when he sees something he wants. He'll get out of the machine himself and get down and pick it up if he sees blue glass, or any unbroken pottery, or any torpedo shaped glass bottles - that's money. If he gets out of the rig a lot it will annoy the site manager and the people watching the clock will soon make rules against the bottle collecting.At Cherry St. I got the general impression that the guy running the biggest machine was in charge of the whole operation. When I handed my card to Shawn he removed his muddy gloves and carried the card with some care all the way over to the corkscrew operator. This bearded chap scrutinized my card from inside the cab of his two story drilling machine. He looked up at me in the gate. I waved. He nodded. Then I turned around and walked back to The Distillery... At my office, I did some research on the area and found some great cartography. This very old area has changed considerably since the 1800s. This land was also the site of a large city dump – the Keating Channel is a relatively new development. Here's a map of this area in the 1870s. On this date in history, the city of Toronto is ready to expand by dumping household garbage into the marshy lake shore. (Click these map pictures, they expand.)

Look at the little river channel through the marsh south of the Grand Trunk Railway. I put the X in the wrong spot - the railway tracks are still there. The diggers are actually digging in the original mouth of the Don River!

Now here is the same property in 1910. Notice there is no sign of the Don River here whatsoever. The mouth of the river has been buried using mostly household trash and wood ash. (Click these map pictures, they expand.)Now here is the same property in 1941 - now there is a steel bridge over the Don River spillway, the Keating Channel (Click these map pictures, they expand.) TWO DAYS LATER MY PHONE RANGTwo days later I got a phone call from the big screw driver and he asked me if I would like to come down to the site and have a peek at what he's been picking up all week. He was pretty excited about some recently recovered bottles. He wanted to sell them. ‘Listen’ the voice says, ‘I’ve got six boxes in my garage, and my wife is clean freak. I’ve got to get rid of some.' And soon enough he asks if perhaps I'd like to buy the whole lot? "Of course," I reply, 'bring everything.'Of course I won't buy the whole works – not unless I can see squat sodas and ginger beers in the boxes, but yes, I will come and look at them and cherry pick through the boxes looking for the best bottles to buy. I'll make purchases, one at a time, haggling for the lowest possible price per item, while angling for freebies.The following afternoon, Weds May 25th 2011 I had my first experience as a construction site bottle picker. I was there waiting at the gate at 12:00 noon sharp as per our earlier arrangement. For years I’ve heard about hoarders who've made fortunes buying and selling valuable glass vessels found in excavation sites. The pieces change hands three or fours times before the end up in the city's best antique shops. But that was then, and this is now. Bottles and stoneware collectibles have plummeted in price. And the merchandise that was put on display that afternoon really wasn't all that special.The Excavation Site Bottle Show Started at NoonHere's a clear class Orange Crush, and below is a Bromo Seltzer.Found a little Balsam Honey.Some common Toronto patent medicines, Some common early Toronto milk bottlesand at least one bottle I'd never seen before...Stay tuned for more information and more pictures...

Friday, June 17, 2011 Miller's Prepared Glycerine

MILLER, HUGH, pharmacist, jp, and office holder; b. 2 June 1818 in Inverness, Scotland; m. 8 June 1847 Helen Dow in Whitby, Upper Canada, and they had seven children; d. 24 Dec. 1898 in Toronto.
Hugh Miller immigrated to Upper Canada in 1841 and established himself in Toronto. Having been trained as a pharmacist, he worked briefly for two pharmaceutical firms before opening a retail pharmacy on King Street East. He continued to operate it, enjoying a reasonable success, until his death. For a time two of his sons were associated with him in the practice. The elder, William, was most actively involved, but he died in 1894; Kenneth A. had left pharmacy in the early 1880s.

Besides operating his business, Miller was prominent in the establishment and administration of various organizations of Ontario pharmacists. During the 1860s, following the lead of their colleagues in Britain and the United States, pharmacists in the Canadas had begun to move towards formal associations in order to counter threats from the medical profession to their accustomed freedoms. Miller was a founding member and vice-president of the Canadian Pharmaceutical Society, established in 1867 in Toronto to press the new federal government for legislation which would create a regulatory and professional association. By the autumn of 1868 it had become evident that such legislation would not be quickly forthcoming, and the CPhS turned to the provincial government for help. Miller and a handful of colleagues were selected to draft pharmacy legislation, which became the Ontario Pharmacy Act of 1871.

The act created the Ontario College of Pharmacy as a regulatory body with the power to issue licences to those entitled to practise under the act and allowed physicians and surgeons to be licensed as pharmacists without examination. It also outlined the organizational structure of the OCP, empowered it to hold property, and controlled the sale of poisons, the use of titles such as druggist and pharmacist, and the operation of pharmaceutical shops. The college, which until the early part of the 20th century had considerable national importance, also carried responsibility for the education of pharmacists. Its first president was William Elliot. Miller was elected to the council of the OCP at its inception, and he was regularly returned until 1888, serving as president between 1881 and 1883. During his presidency the OCP founded a school of pharmacy, which became affiliated with the University of Toronto in 1892 and an independent faculty of the university in 1953.Although Miller never ran for political office, he was a staunch supporter of the Liberal party and a confidant of George Brown* and Alexander Mackenzie. He never forgot his homeland, and he was active in a number of Scottish organizations in Toronto, including the St Andrew’s Society, the Sons of Scotland, the Caledonian Society, and the Gaelic Society. He also belonged to the York Pioneer and Historical Society. Described in an obituary as “one of the most esteemed” freemasons in Toronto, he had joined the order in Britain and in Toronto was associated with St Andrew’s Lodge No. 16. During the last 25 years of his life, Miller acted as a justice of the peace, and from about 1894 as an assistant police magistrate. The latter activity, in which he was engaged until the day before his death, earned him wide respect.Ernst W. Stieb Here's product Druggist (Strathroy, Ont., and Toronto), 11 (1899): 9. Canadian Pharmaceutical Journal (Toronto), 32 (1898–99): 282. Evening News (Toronto), 27 Dec. 1898. Globe, 26 Dec. 1898. Toronto World, 26 Dec. 1898. Toronto directory, 1843–99. A brief history of pharmacy in Canada, ed. A. V. Raison ([Toronto, 1969]), 70–75. Elizabeth MacNab, A legal history of health professions in Ontario . . . (Toronto, [1970]), 216–43. One hundred years of pharmacy in Canada, 1867–1967, [ed. E. W. Stieb] (Toronto, 1969). B. P. DesRoches, “The first 100 years of pharmacy in Ontario,” Canadian Pharmaceutical Journal, 105 (1972): 225–27. E. W. Stieb, “A century of formal pharmaceutical education in Ontario,” Canadian Pharmaceutical Journal (Ottawa), 116 (1983): 104–7, 153–57; “A professional keeping shop: the nineteenth-century apothecary,” Material Hist. Bull. (Ottawa), 22 (1985): 1–10.

© 2000 University of Toronto/Université Laval

Thursday, November 25, 2010 American Pickers is a new cable TV show about buying and selling old stuff

Good news for Dumpdiggers all over the world – US cable television audiences have rediscovered a love for antiques and collectibles! Now there’s more than just Antiques Roadshow on the boob tube to educate and entertain collectors.
Much like the TV show Pawn Stars, the new TV series that I watch at 10pm on Tuesday nights on History Canada mines the drama of bartering, and the human exchange of words and emotions as buyers and sellers try to find common ground. Unlike Pawn Stars, which is a cable TV show that's coloured by people who want or need the money, Mike Wolfe and Frank Fritz, the American Pickers travel great distances to deal with people who're usually more than a little reluctant to sell. And there’s the conflict. TV and indeed all storytelling mediums require somebody versus somebody or something to make interesting drama. Pawn Stars has a dysfunctional family dynamic going on, and The Traveling Antiques Road Show often pitted experts and against collectors. Here its different – the conflict comes from Mike and Frank and their desire to buy commodities that are not for sale. And therein lays the biggest single problem with the show. It’s just not real enough, and the numbers don’t quite add up.
These two experts travel around Iowa, the greater Midwest, and the Southern United States in a white panel van that’s emblazoned with their red and black Antique Archaeology business logo. Unlike real pickers who peruse antiques barns, yard sales and estate sales, these guys show up uninvited at people's houses and attempt to buy their cherished antiques and collectibles. They are assisted by Danielle Colby-Cushman, who works remotely from a home base in LeClaire, Iowa to help them run their business.According to the site’s web copy, Mike Wolf has earned a reputation as one of the country's foremost foragers, traveling coast to coast in search of forgotten treasures. Where other people see dilapidated barns and overgrown yards, Mike sees goldmines packed with rare finds and sensational stories. Wolfe and Fritz go prospecting in the homes of casual collectors, hoarders and people who have inherited large deposits of their ancestors junk.
What do the guys pick up exactly?
The Antique Archeology duo seems to get real excited by old musical equipment, vintage kitchenware, all manner of advertising signs and rare bits of scrap metal. They like old automobiles evn if they're only good for auto parts - they'll even buy old rusty bicycles. Fritz has a fondness for antique toys, antique oil cans, and Honda motorcycles.
The secret to being a picker is having a strong base of curious customers that can fuel such prospecting expeditions with ready cash. Mike's clients include interior designers, art directors, photographers and collectors. And although it’s probably the most important part of the business – it’s significant that we never get to see these people. When the acquisitions are finalized and the items are being loaded into the van, the producers of the show will flash graphics showing the amount paid and the amount at which the item has been valued… well anyone that’s actually in this business knows that’s just a hopeful guess. Not every item sells and in their business model the margins are so tight that if one item fails to sell it will ruin their month! I know... its just television.These images are snapped from my TV set during the "Super Scooter" episode. The half hour shows how the pair works together. Wolfe is nearly drooling over a Vespa Ape scooter. The owner wants $5,000 for it, and Wolfe offers $4,500 -- which is rejected. Season 2 premiered June 7, 2010 and turned into a real monster Monday hit for History when it was paired with Pawn Stars. American Pickers debuted with more than three million viewers and this month has approached four million, placing it among the 20 top-rated shows on cable.see because Frank is my favourite of the two pickers, here's a link to his

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Royal Doulton traces its ancestry back to the Jones, Watts & Doulton pottery in Lambeth in 1815. By 1826 the company was trading as Doulton & Watts, and in 1853 became Doulton & Co. The turn of the century saw the granting of the Royal Warrant and permission to use the epithet 'Royal.' The history of Doulton Lambeth ceased in 1956 with the closure of the factory and studios. By that time most of the production had been transferred to more modern works.

There follows a selection of the backstamps most commonly used on Doulton Lambeth wares, and some further brief hints on dating. The information is taken from "The Doulton Lambeth Wares" by Desmond Eyles. This comprehensive work contains a great deal of valuable material besides, including monograms and biographical details of individual artists and assistants (see below).


Impressed, moulded or incised marks on stoneware and terracotta products, c. 1827-1858. Notes:
(i) No marks have been traced for the Vauxhall Walk period 1815- 1826.
(ii) No. 15 High Street, Lambeth, was renumbered 28 in 1838.
(iii) John Watts retired in 1853 and the name of the firm became Doulton & Co. The name Doulton & Watts may, however have been continued in trade-marks for some time.
Impressed or printed marks on plain brown- and cream-glazed stoneware c. 1858-c. 1910. Also found impressed on some of the earliest Doulton Ware with simple incised decoration 1866-1869. After the word 'England' was added. 5.
There are several minor variations of this impressed or printed mark, used on plain brown-and cream-glazed stoneware c. 1891-1956. It is also found very occasionally on Doulton Ware and Lambeth Faïence.
6. George Tinworth, who always regarded Henry Doulton as his patron used these names, roughly incised, on many of his panels and plaques. (The old firm known as Henry Doulton & Co. had in fact made drainpipes and had ceased to exist long before Tinworth came to Lambeth).
7. Impressed mark on early Doulton Ware c. 1869-1872.
8. Impressed mark on Doulton Ware. The date was added between 1872 and 1877 and occasionally between 1877 and 1887. A circular printed variation of this mark is also found.
Impressed or printed mark on Lambeth Faience c.1873-c. 1914. After 1891 the word 'England' was added. A date was sometimes inserted in the centre of the mark. This mark is found also on Doulton Ware.
Impressed mark on Doulton Ware c. 18761880. A date is usually found impressed nearby. Occasionally found on Lambeth Faience. 11.
Impressed or printed mark on Lambeth Faience c. 1873-c. 1914. After 1891 the word 'England' was added. Sometimes both No. 9 and No. 11 appear on the same Pot. 12.
Impressed or printed mark on Doulton Ware c. 1880 to 1902. After 1891 the word 'England' was added. The year of production also occurs occasionally. This mark is sometimes found on Lambeth faience along with No. 11.
13. Impressed or printed mark on ashtrays and other small items of Doulton Ware. Occasionally found also on larger pots; c. 1891-1956. 14.
Impressed or printed mark on Impasto Ware 1879 - c.1914. After 1891 the word 'England' was added.
15. Impressed or printed mark on Crown Lambeth Ware 1891-c. 1903. (Mark No. 12 with the word 'Crown' above it is also found, especially before 1894).
16. Several variants of this mark, used in conjunction with Doulton Ware or Lambeth Faïence marks are found on Chiné and Chiné-Gilt Wares 1885-1930. 17.
Impressed or printed marks on Marqueterie Ware 1887-c. 1906. After 1891 the word 'England' was added.
18. Impressed or printed mark on Carrara Ware 1891-1924. Between 1887 and 1891 Mark No. 12 is found on Carrara Ware.
19. Impressed or printed mark on Silicon Stoneware c. 1880-1932. The word 'England' was added after 1891. Mark No. 12 is also found on some early Silicon Ware. 20.
This mark, in conjunction with No. 12 or No. 21, is found on some pots made in the early 1900s, with a metallic coating obtained by the electro-deposition of silver and copper.
21. This new mark, available for use on all the decorated Doulton Lambeth and Burslem Wares, was introduced in 1902 after the Company had been given the right, the previous year, to use the description 'Royal Doulton' for its products. (Some of the marks for specific wares were continued in use with or without No. 21). The lower portion (without the lion and crown) was used on smaller pots from 1902 to 1956.
22. Impressed or printed mark on Doulton Ware 1922-1956. 23.
Impressed or printed mark on slip-cast Doulton Ware such as figures and noncircular pots c. 1912-1956.
24. Printed mark on hard-paste porcelain figures c. 1918-1933
25. This monogram is also found on some hard-paste porcelain c. 1918-1933. It is made up of a combined M and T, denoting not the designer but J. H. Mott, art director, and W. Thomason, chief chemist, who developed the new porcelain body. 26.
Impressed or printed mark on 'Persian Ware' c. 1920-1936.
27. This mark is found on a range of pigment decorated pots introduced in the mid 1920s. It has also been found on some large wall-plaques. It appears to have been discontinued by 1939.

Further Aids to Dating

The approximate date of introduction of such patterns may be estimated from the following table. It must be borne in mind that some patterns, if they proved popular, were continued for several years after their first introduction. The trade-mark will also help to determine the approximate date of manufacture.


1-1500: 1883-1886 X 7601-8240: 1912-1920 X 1501-4000: 1887-1893 X 8241-8450: 1921-1923 X 4001-5200: 1894-1896 X 8451-8700: 1924-1927 X 5201-5940: 1897-1902 X 8701-8800: 1928-1929 X 5941-6600: 1903-1905 X 8801-8900: 1930-1933 X 6601-7600: 1906-1911 X 8901-9000: 1934-1945It will be noted that after Sir Henry Doulton's death in 1897 the average number of new introductions a year dwindled considerably.Between 1902 and 1925 impressed lower-case date-letters are found on some pots. These letters run in consecutive order from c in 1902 to z in 1925. They usually but not always appear inside a shield.On slip-cast wares the month and year of manufacture were sometimes indicated by impressed figures, e.g. 10.21 for October 1921.

Registration Marks and Numbers

On designs registered at the Patent Office between 1842 and1883 a diamond shaped mark will usually be found in addition to the normal trade-mark. Two different patterns of diamonds were used but so far as the Doulton Lambeth Wares are concerned one need only consider the following:

The most important item here is the letter on the right-hand side of the diamond (C in the above illustration) which indicates the year of registration (1870).The following is the key to these letters:


I: 1872 S: 1875 C: 1870
J: 1880 U: 1874 D: 1878 (part)
K: 1883 V: 1876 E: 1881
L: 1882 W: 1878 (part) F: 1873
P: 1877 X: 1868 H: 1869
Y: 1879The letter at the bottom of the diamond indicates the month of registration as follows: A: December; B: October; C or O: January; D: September; E: May; C: February; H: April; I: July; K: November; M: June; R: August; W: March.From 1884 onwards Registration Numbers were used instead of the diamond shaped mark. The following table shows the first number issued each year up to 1909. The numbers f from 1903 to 1909 are approximate. A slight overlap may occur between the end of one year and the beginning of another.

1884: 1

1901: 368154 1934: 789019 1885: 19754
1902: 385500 1937: 817293 1886: 40480
1903: 402500 1940: 837520 1887: 64520
1904: 420000 1943: 839980 1888: 90483
1905: 447000 1946: 845550 1889: 116648
1906: 471000 1949: 856999 1890: 141273
1907: 494000 1952: 866280 1891: 163767
1908: 519000 1955: 876067 1892: 185713
1909: 550000 1958: 887079 1893: 205240
1910: 548920 1961: 899914 1894: 224720
1913: 612431 1964: 914536 1895: 246975
1916: 653521 1967: 929335 1896: 268392
1919: 666128 1970: 94493 1897: 291241
1922: 687144 1973: 960708 1898: 311658
1925: 710165 1976: 973838 1899: 331707
1928: 734370 1979: 987910 1900: 351202
1931: 760583 1982: 1005700

Royal Doulton

167 Picadilly, London, W1 V 9DE
Telephone (071) 491 2717

A varied programme of exhibitions of interest to the Royal Doulton enthusiast.

Artistry in Action

Take a trip around the Royal Doulton Pottery in Burslem and see artistry in action. During more than a century and a half Royal Doulton have gained a unique reputation for ceramic work of art. Each new generation of potters and ceramic artists strives to improve on its predecessors' work. Our world famous figures, ornaments and fine china take shape before your eyes as you are guided through every facet of our centuries old creative art. Write or telephone for full details:

    Mrs Sandra Baddeley
    Tours Organiser
    Doulton Fine China
    Nile Street, Burselm
    Stoke-on-Trent ST6 2AJ
    Telephone: (0782) 575454

The Sir Henry Doulton Gallery

This unique gallery, at the Doulton Fine China Nile Street Pottery, Burslem, traces the story of Doulton from its foundation in 1815 and includes the world famous collection of several hundred rare figures. The gallery is named after Sir Henry Doulton, son of the founder of the company, who was the first potter ever to be knighted for services to ceramic art.Open weekdays, 9.00-4.15. Closed factory holidays. (no appointment necessary) Telephone (0782) 575454A body of collectors has grown up interested in all branches of Doulton's varied output and today an International Collectors Club exists to cater for this interest- full details can be found below.

The Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club

The Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club is a flourishing organisation devoted to meeting the needs and special interests Royal Doulton enthusiasts.Why don't you take advantage of the many benefits? How the club can help you
You have the opportunity to add to your collection with specially commissioned items. Exclusive to members, on a limited basis, they bear the unique backstamp of the Club.Members are kept up to date on collecting matters by mailings. Four times a year you will receive the well illustrated Club magazine, full of articles and news concerning Royal Doulton wares past and present. One of the jobs of the Club is to help you identify and date unusual items and find out other relevant information by referring to the Royal Doulton archives.The club regularly announces where Royal Doulton artists and designers are holding demonstrations. If visiting the Potteries, Club members are invited to tour the Royal Doulton studios free.To take advantage of all the benefits of membership write for an application form to Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club at U.K. Branch, Minton House, London Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7QD, Telephone (0782) 744766 or to the appropriate address shown below.


To satisfy an overwhelming demand from the world's museums, libraries and collectors, these handsome and authoritative reference books have been published with the full co-operation of Royal Doulton.Each one is written by an acknowledged expert, copiously illustrated, and will remain the definitive work on specialist aspects of Royal Doulton artistry for many years.

"The Royal Doulton Figures Book" c.1890-1987

Desmond Eyles, Richard Dennis and Louise Irvine "The Doulton Burslem Wares"
Desmond Eyles "Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 1
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 2
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 3
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 4
Louise Irvine "The Doulton Story" Paul Atterbury and Louise Irvine "Collecting Royal Doulton Character and Toby Jugs" (revised edition) Jocelyn Lukins
"Doulton Kingsware Flasks"
Jocelyn Lukins "Doulton Flambe Animals" Jocelyn Lukins

"Doulton Burslem Advertising Wares"
Jocelyn Lukins "Doulton for the Collector" Jocelyn Lukins "Phillips Collectors Guide - Royal Doulton" Catherine Braithwaite
"Royal Doulton Limited Edition Loving Cups and Jugs"
Louise Irvine and Richard Dennis "Sir Henry Doulton Biography" Edmund Gosse "Hannah Barlow"
Peter Rose "Bunnykins Collectors Book" Louise Irvine "A Bunnykins Book -Counting"
"A Bunnykins Book - Nursery Rhymes"
"A Bunnykins Book - ABC"
"A Bunnykins Book - Rhyming Games" All four books illustrated by Colin Twinn

Royal Doulton Addresses

Royal Doulton Limited,
Minton House, London Road
Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7QD
Tel: (0782) 744766

nv Royal Doulton (Belgium) sa,
25 Europark Noord,
Sint Niklaas 2700, Belgium.
Doulton Tableware Pty, Limited,
17-23 Merriwa Street, Gordon,
NSW 2072, Australia. Doulton and Co. (S.A.) Pty, Limited,
P.O. Box 6254, Johannesburg 2000,
South Africa. Doulton and Co. Inc.,
700 Cottontail Lane, Somerset,
New Jersey 08873, USA. Doulton Canada Inc,
850 Progress Avenue, Scarborough,
Ontario M1 H 3C4, Canada.

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