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Hydroponic Growing

Hydroponic System DiagramWhen growing plants in a hydroponic garden, we must consider these factors

  • the amount of water the plants need; proper drainage of growing medium
  • the optimum temperature and light for the plant
  • fresh air
  • shelter and support
  • pest and disease control
  • the water-soluble minerals the plant needs
  • the proper pH of the nutrient solution

Water
As with all plant needs, the amount of water required depends on the species and the needs of that particular plant. A plant that suffers from lack of water will extend a huge, but not very effective root system, and will develop a very small plant above the ground. Many roots are sent out in search of water and when an inadequate amount is found, the plant will not grow to its potential.
In the other extreme, if a plant is over watered the roots can drown because they are not receiving the proper amount of fresh oxygen. This makes proper drainage of a hydroponic growing medium crucial to your plant's health.

The last consideration concerning the water you feed your plants is purity. In a hydroponic garden, you should use as pure of water as possible. Water that has possible toxic contaminants or salt build ups may stunt or kill your plants.

Temperature and Light
The ideal temperature depends on the crops you choose to grow. Most of the common garden crops, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, beans and peas will do well with an average daytime temperature of 78 F and an aver- age nighttime temperature of 64 F. Winter vegetables, such as cabbage, brussel sprouts and broccoli should be grown in slightly cooler temperatures.

A minimum/maximum thermometer will allow you to track the low and high temperatures in your growing environment. This is important for monitoring overall progress of your hydroponic garden and diagnosing plant growth problems.

For optimum production, heating the root zone is important. For most garden crops 72 F is the ideal root zone temperature. Some growers achieve a heated root area by using heated grow mats placed under the growing medium. Another option is to heat your nutrient solution to the desired temperature and then when your system feeds the plants, the roots are bathed in warm water. Listed below are some complete hydroponic growing systems to get started with.

system

VIVOSUN Smart System AeroLight 400W LED Grow Light w/ Integrated Circulation Fan picture

VIVOSUN Smart System AeroLight 400W LED Grow Light w/ Integrated Circulation Fan

$539.99



VIVOSUN 8 Bucket  5 Gal DWC Hydroponics Grow System w/ Top Drip Kit picture

VIVOSUN 8 Bucket 5 Gal DWC Hydroponics Grow System w/ Top Drip Kit

$169.99



Hydroponic Site Grow Kit Hydroponics System 36 54 72 108 Plant Sites 3/4 Layers picture

Hydroponic Site Grow Kit Hydroponics System 36 54 72 108 Plant Sites 3/4 Layers

$74.20



VEVOR Hydroponic Grow Kit Hydroponics System 54 Plant Sites 3 Layers 6 Pipes picture

VEVOR Hydroponic Grow Kit Hydroponics System 54 Plant Sites 3 Layers 6 Pipes

$55.99



DWC Hydroponic Grow System - Two Complete 5 Gallon Systems Including Nutrients picture

DWC Hydroponic Grow System - Two Complete 5 Gallon Systems Including Nutrients

$109.50



Hydroponic Growing System 12 Pods Indoor Herb Garden Kit for Plants Growing 36W picture

Hydroponic Growing System 12 Pods Indoor Herb Garden Kit for Plants Growing 36W

$52.00



7 Site Indoor Plant Cloning System - Root Growing Air Bubbler Hydroponics Kit picture

7 Site Indoor Plant Cloning System - Root Growing Air Bubbler Hydroponics Kit

$37.49



Hydroponic-Garden System Seed-Pods Kit - 15 Grow Domes,15 Pod Labels,15 Grow Bla picture

Hydroponic-Garden System Seed-Pods Kit - 15 Grow Domes,15 Pod Labels,15 Grow Bla

$8.99



Ladbrooke Soil Blocker 3-Pc.

Ladbrooke Soil Blocker 3-Pc. "Basics" Nesting System. Authorized Reseller

$79.99



VEVOR Hydroponic Site Grow Kit Hydroponics System 108Plant Sites 3Layers w/Timer picture

VEVOR Hydroponic Site Grow Kit Hydroponics System 108Plant Sites 3Layers w/Timer

$66.59



iPower 400W Ballast Digital Dimmable Electronic Ballast HPS MH Grow Light System picture

iPower 400W Ballast Digital Dimmable Electronic Ballast HPS MH Grow Light System

$60.00



Automatic Watering System for Potted Plant w/ Programmable Timer Real Time Clock picture

Automatic Watering System for Potted Plant w/ Programmable Timer Real Time Clock

$19.99



DWC Hydroponic Grow System - 5 Gallon 11 Piece Complete Kit Includes Nutrients picture

DWC Hydroponic Grow System - 5 Gallon 11 Piece Complete Kit Includes Nutrients

$79.50



California Lightworks CLW550 LED Commercial Lighting System Used Excellent picture

California Lightworks CLW550 LED Commercial Lighting System Used Excellent

$250.00



Agrowtek RD8i Intelligent 8-Contact Dry 10 AMP Relay For GrowControl GCX System picture

Agrowtek RD8i Intelligent 8-Contact Dry 10 AMP Relay For GrowControl GCX System

$225.00



Trolmaster Hydro-X Enviroment Control System (HCS-1) picture

Trolmaster Hydro-X Enviroment Control System (HCS-1)

$259.99



AeroGarden Harvest Home Garden System (Seeds Included)- (New Open Box) picture

AeroGarden Harvest Home Garden System (Seeds Included)- (New Open Box)

$54.99



Advance Grow Tent System 4x4, 4-Plant Kit, WiFi-Integrated Controls, 48x48x80

Advance Grow Tent System 4x4, 4-Plant Kit, WiFi-Integrated Controls, 48x48x80"

$157.17



Hydroponics Growing System 11 Pods Indoor Height Adjustable Height perfect gift picture

Hydroponics Growing System 11 Pods Indoor Height Adjustable Height perfect gift

$89.99



Sun System 315w LEC Boss Commercial Fixture 277V  Grow Light NEW $400 MSRP READ picture

Sun System 315w LEC Boss Commercial Fixture 277V Grow Light NEW $400 MSRP READ

$150.00